Churchill's Folly: How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq

Churchill s Folly How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq As Britain s colonial secretary in the s Winston Churchill made a mistake with calamitous consequences and unseen repercussions extending into the twenty first century Christopher Catherwood sch

  • Title: Churchill's Folly: How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq
  • Author: Christopher Catherwood
  • ISBN: 9780786715572
  • Page: 144
  • Format: Paperback
  • As Britain s colonial secretary in the 1920s, Winston Churchill made a mistake with calamitous consequences and unseen repercussions extending into the twenty first century Christopher Catherwood, scholar and adviser to Tony Blair s government, examines Churchill s creation of the artificial monarchy of Iraq after World War One, forcing together unfriendly peoples Sunni MAs Britain s colonial secretary in the 1920s, Winston Churchill made a mistake with calamitous consequences and unseen repercussions extending into the twenty first century Christopher Catherwood, scholar and adviser to Tony Blair s government, examines Churchill s creation of the artificial monarchy of Iraq after World War One, forcing together unfriendly peoples Sunni Muslim Kurds and Arabs, and Shiite Muslims under a single ruler Defying a global wave of nationalistic sentiment and the desire of subjugated peoples to rule themselves, Churchill put together the broken pieces of the Ottoman Empire and unwittingly created a Middle Eastern powder keg Inducing Arabs under the thumb of the Ottoman Turks to rebel against rule from Constantinople, the British during WWI convinced the Hashemite clan that they would rule over Syria However, Britain had already promised the territory to the French To make amends after the Great War, Churchill created the nation called Iraq and made the Hashemite leader, Feisel, king of a land to which he had no connections Catherwood examines Churchill s decision, which resulted in a 1958 military coup against the Iraqi Hashemite government and a series of increasingly bloody regimes until the ultimate nightmare of Ba athist party rule under Saddam Hussein Photographs and maps are included.

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      Published :2018-09-12T08:44:37+00:00

    1 thought on “Churchill's Folly: How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq”

    1. The problems of the West with ISIS make this book highly topical. In it Christopher Catherwood shows that Iraq is a country created by morons in a hurry for reasons that had nothing to do with the needs of the people living in the region. Consequently, Iraq's problems never solve themselves, they simply get worse on a perpetual basis.In 1922, the European powers met in Cairo in order to finalize a map of the middle east and to install political regimes where necessary all of which was accomplish [...]

    2. In 1921, the British completely redrew the map of the Middle East. They and the French had toppled the weak Ottoman Empire and took over much of their territories, most going to the British.The Ottomans had ruled what is now called Iraq in three separate colonis, with the non-Arab Kurds in the north,the Shites mostly in the south, and the Sunni, mostly in the center. Thus the major factions of Islam were largely separated under different rulers, and the Indo-European Kurds were largely separated [...]

    3. Great Britain and a few bit players met in Cairo in 1922 and carved up the southwest Asia. The ramifications of this event are still being felt today. This is a well-researched exploration of the subject, but it is a bit too narrow in its focus. The database covered (mostly Winston’s own correspondence and cables) is a bit narrow, and the attempt to integrate the perspectives of other sources is valiant but insufficient. Still, this is a fascinating read and the information gained from the, ag [...]

    4. This tedious book is an thorough history of the post World War I Middle East, from the breakup of the Ottoman Empire to the creation of its current nation structure. Winston Churchill had the unfortunate responsibility of running the remnants of the Ottoman Middle East empire under the League of Nations mandate with limited resources and very little support from his PM. Since most of the oil resources in the Middle East were not known in the 1920s, the UK was interested in getting out as cheaply [...]

    5. What do you get when you artificially create a bunch of countries that have never existed before? Irish liberation for one! Next you create perpetual turmoil which creates the rifts that allow ISIS to occur. The events of today will ripple for the next 100 years. The decisions of 1920-1922 might have looked good at the time, but the end result is still to be seen. This is a fairly good book about the creation of Iraq and Churchill's role it. Iraq was pretty much doomed from the start according t [...]

    6. The state of Iraq was conceived in error. The English drew lines on maps and thus created a country with separate populations--Kurd, Sunni, Shia. Thus, the problem of a nonunified populace occurred at the beginning. Then, the English favored Sunnis, thus creating conflicts among the three major population groups. Budgetary problems led to England running its "mandate" on the cheap. Valuable lessons on intervention into foreign countries. . . .

    7. A valuable book that demonstrates that Churchill's policy was driven by military cost cutting in an attempt to balance Britain's post WWI budget. He argues - on the basis of Winston's copious note that Churchill meticulously kept - that oil was not the original motive for Iraq, although it may have motivated latter governments.

    8. Originally selected for research on Gertrude Bell, this had little on her, but definitely has me thinking -- and rereading it -- about Churchill's role. While I hate to call something "revisionist", it, like a number of recent works, is fairly rough on T.E. Lawrence, who may well be more of legend than reality.

    9. Uneven, overlong and repetitive but valuable for the insights it provides about the "country", region & history. And, by the way, is there any comparable figure in modern western hagiography to Churchill? Rand maybe? ugh.

    10. Great book to understand the Midddle East.Needs a bit of updating, but that's history for you doesn't stop.

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